History of Palembang in the Balaputera Dewa Museum

Helloindonesia.idSouth Sumatra has a long history of existence. The province, which has been known for centuries by the name Bumi Sriwijaya. The location of the famed maritime kingdom in the archipelago called the Kingdom of Sriwijaya. This Museum Entering the 15th century, the Sultanate of Palembang stood in power until the arrival of Dutch colonialism to Srivijaya. Long before that, according to Van der Hoop, researchers from the Netherlands. South Sumatra was one of the regions in the archipelago that were found in many settlements from the megalith era.

As one of the provinces in Indonesia that has a long history. South Sumatra certainly has a variety of historical heritage objects. To maintain and preserve it, the Culture and Tourism Office of South Sumatra Province. Then built the Balaputera Dewa Museum on Jalan Srijaya I No. 28, Palembang. The museum has a land area of ‚Äč‚Äčaround 23,565 m2. Holds 10 types of collections, with a total of 3,882 items.

What is stored in this museum?

In general, the Balaputera Dewa Museum holds various collections from prehistoric times, the era of the Srivijaya Kingdom, the era of the Sultanate of Palembang, to the era of Dutch colonialism. The various collections are exhibited in three main showrooms. Before entering the three main showrooms, visitors will see various collections of statues in the hall of the museum. Various replicas of the statue come from the megalith era in South Sumatra.

Megalith culture or big stone culture in South Sumatra is in the Pagaralam highlands. Its position is in the Bukit Barisan Mountains on the western side of South Sumatra. In this region found 22 locations of megalithic cultural settlements. From these settlements found pre-historic objects in the form of statues which later became a collection of the Museum Balaputera Dewa. Various statues that are currently in museum collections include megalith statues of mothers holding children, statues of people riding buffaloes, until human statues are wrapped around snakes.

After passing through the lobby, visitors will enter the museum’s showroom. In this room visitors will get information about the beginning of the history of the establishment of the Kingdom of Srivijaya in the archipelago. also found a collection of relics from pre-royal Srivijaya in the form of pottery, beads, and metal casting.

The various replica inscriptions that explain the beginning of the establishment of the Kingdom of Srivijaya. The inscriptions include Kedukan Bukit, Relaga Batu, Kapur City, Talang Tuo, Boom Baru, Kambang Unglen I, Kambang Unglen II, and Siddhayatra Inscription. In addition to the inscriptions, in this room visitors will also find other collections from the era of the Kingdom of Srivijaya in the form of Buddhist statues, Hindu statues, and Fragments.

Palembang Sultanate

Entering deeper, visitors will be taken to trace the era of the Palembang Sultanate. Relics of this era in the form of songket looms. One of the collections of songket that is the pride of the Balaputera Dewa Museum is the songket cloth with the Naga Besaung motif which has a length of 6 meters with a width of about 25 cm. In addition, visitors will also find other collections in the form of various Palembang carving arts. Various carvings have been applied in bridal accounts, cots, chairs, and even decorations on the door of the house. The carving art collection from the Palembang Sultanate era which became the pride of the Balaputera Dewa Museum is a limas house and ulu house located in the backyard of the museum.

Museum Balaputera Dewa is open every day except Monday starting at 08.30 WIB until 15.00 WIB, with relatively affordable ticket prices. Only by paying Rp. 2,000 for adults and Rp. 1,000 for children, visitors can already enjoy the rich history stored in the museum. From the cheap ticket price, it is hoped that people will be more fond of visiting museums and revitalizing the importance of cultural history for the development of a civilized society.

Footnote: indonesiakaya.com
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