Helloindonesia.id – Most Salako Dayaks, farming, farming, hunting and rubber scraping, have very simple lives, do not have prominent identities, like coastal dayaks. Dayak Salako upholds customary law. The Dayak Salako mediated between the warring tribes. The function of customary law is not only to make a deterrent, but still to reconcile both parties to the conflict.
The village of Bagak Sahwa, Singkawang holds a lot of cultural diversity in Dayak Salako. One of them is the Salako Dayak traditional clothing which has been created by the Salako Dayak Tribe Chief, FX. Adam Customary clothing, among others, is in the form of bracelets and bracelets for the feet. Whereas the kapuak is the male genitalia cover of the Salako Dayak tribe and pants for women. Kandit is a belt, a red headband for men and a red kedung for women and a hat with a hornbill beak that is the hallmark of the Salako Dayak tribe. This Salako Dayak outfit was created in such a way as to enrich the culture of the Salako Dayak and was used in traditional ceremonies of greatness.
Various kinds of characteristics of the Salako Dayak tribe
Biusuk, kapuak, candit, women’s vest, men’s vest, trousers, headband and hat and tail of Ruai bird that is the hallmark of Dayak Salako. Created by giving the fruit of the ipuh tree which is arranged one by one into beads that adorn every traditional dress of the Dayak Salako. The remaining bark fibers are used to make some decorative motifs by attaching glue to each material.
The workmanship of the created attributes is derived from the bark which is still wet beaten so that it is easily formed, then dried in the sun. Pineapple tree fiber is used for the thread, wood roots are also used in the forest. Chopsticks are made from Tembesi wood sticks and given beautiful carvings. While chopsticks are created in such a way as to compete in places and chopsticks which are also made of bark.
For hundreds of years the Salako Dayak ancestors used clothing made from the skin of trees. In this case, the efforts of FX. Adam to preserve the legacy of the ancestors who once triumphed in his time. During the Japanese occupation, these traditional clothes were still used. In the Netherlands, there are documents that reinforce the ancestors of the Dayak Salako tribe enshrined in a photograph.
Ceremony of the Dayak Salako Tribe
The Salako Dayak tribe has traditional ceremonies of greatness including the Samsam ceremony (Nyepi ceremony), the Baketo Ceremony, (a ceremony to take wood in the forest, to avoid danger and ask for permission from the forest authorities). Nyang Padi ceremony (custom when finished grazing and then performed with a ritual). Nanam Pabanihan Ceremony (conducted by sowing seeds in certain fields). The New Year’s Ceremony, (prayer takes the new rice). The ceremony according to FX Adam, is binding in traditional Dayak Salako law and is routinely carried out annually.
The scope of the Dayak Salako was centered in Sambas Regency, West Kalimantan, after experiencing the division, the Dayak Salako tribe was divided into 3 districts, among others, Sambas, Bengkayang and Singkawang. After the division, Salako Dayak covered 5 villages including Narangkogn, Pajintan, Sangokulur, Bagak sahwa, and Mayasopa.