Sumpah pemuda

A Brief History of the Youth Oath of October 28 – Indonesia commemorates the 93rd Youth Pledge Day on October 28, 2021. This year, the commemoration of Youth Pledge Day carries the theme United, Rise and Grow.

Minister of Youth and Sports (Menpora) of the Republic of Indonesia, Zainudin Amali said the theme was taken with the hope that it could be a momentum for youth to unite and rise from the Covid-19 pandemic together. It is known, the pandemic has had a tremendous impact on 29.12 million working age people.

“That only with unity can we realize the ideals of the nation. The theme of Unity, Rise and Grow is actually intended for all elements of the nation, but for youth it is important because it is in the hands of youth that we hope that Indonesia can rise from adversity due to the pandemic and move forward. to drive economic growth in Indonesia,” Amali said in an official statement quoted on the Kemenpora website, Thursday (28/10/2021).

Meanwhile, Youth Pledge Day is an important milestone in achieving Indonesian independence. Quoted from the page, in its formulation, it takes 2 days and 3 meetings before it becomes a Youth Pledge text.

The congress was held in three different buildings and divided into 3 meetings before producing the Youth Pledge.

The idea of ​​holding the Second Youth Congress came from the Indonesian Student Association (PPPI), a youth organization consisting of students from all over Indonesia.

Figures such as Soegondo and Moehammad Jamin became key actors in the birth of the oath to unify the nation.

Soegondo and Moehammad Jamin became important actors in the first meeting for the preparation of the Youth Pledge script on October 27, 1928 at the Katholieke Jongenlingen Bond (KJB) Building, Lapangan Banteng, Jakarta.

In his remarks, Soegondo hoped that this congress could strengthen the spirit of unity in the hearts of the youth. Meanwhile, Moehammad Jamin became a figure who emphasized the meaning and relationship of unity with youth.

According to him, there are 5 factors that can strengthen the unity of Indonesia, namely history, language, customary law, education, and will.

The second meeting was held on October 28, 1928 at the Oost-Java Bioscoop Building. The meeting discussed educational issues.

Poernomowoelan and Sarmidi Mangoensarkoro were the figures who attended the meeting. Both are of the view that children should receive national education.

Another point that was emphasized in the second meeting was the balance between education at school and at home. In addition, children must be educated democratically.

In the next session, Soenario and Ramelan were present. Soenario explained the importance of nationalism and democracy in addition to the scouting movement.

On the same occasion, Ramelan stated that the scouting movement cannot be separated from the national movement. According to him, the scouting movement from an early age educates children to be disciplined and independent, things that are needed in the struggle.

After Wage Rudolf Supratman performed the national anthem Indonesia Raya, the Congress closed by announcing the formulation of the results of the congress. The youths present referred to the formulation as the Oath of Allegiance.


We are sons and daughters of Indonesia,
claimed to have spilled one blood, the Land of Indonesia.


We are sons and daughters of Indonesia,
claiming to be one nation, the Indonesian nation.


We, the sons and daughters of Indonesia, uphold the language of unity, Indonesian.

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