Helloindonesia.id – Indonesia has a dark history in the struggle to defend its independence, there are several separatist movements and disobedience from several groups, one of which is the PKI, the PKI itself is a political party with a communist ideology, the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) is a political party in Indonesia which has disbanded.
The PKI itself was finally destroyed in 1965 and declared a banned party. the uprising carried out by this party deeply left an impression and hurt the timeline history of our country.
History PKI (Indonesian Communist Party)
At first the PKI was a movement that assimilated into the Sarekat Islam. Conditions that got worse where there were disputes between its members, especially in Semarang and Yogyakarta created Sarekat Islam to carry out party discipline. Namely, prohibiting his team from getting a double title in the struggle for the Indonesian movement. The decision, of course, made the communists angry and left the party and formed a new party called ISDV. At the ISDV Congress in Semarang (May 1920), the name of this organization was changed to the United Communists in the Indies. Semaoen was appointed as party leader.
Some of the PKI’s movements
- The 1926 Uprising
In November 1926 the PKI led rebellions against colonial rule in West Java and West Sumatra. The PKI announced the formation of a republic. This rebellion was brutally crushed by the colonial rulers. Thousands of people were killed and around 13,000 people were detained. A total of 1,308 people, mostly party cadres, were sent to Boven Digul, a detention camp in Papua. Several people died in detention. Many non-communist political activists were also targets of the colonial government, arguing that they suppressed the communist rebellion. In 1927 the PKI was declared banned by the Dutch government. Because of this, the PKI then went underground.
- Madiun Incident 1948
On December 8, 1947 until January 17, 1948 the Republic of Indonesia and the occupation The Netherlands held negotiations known as the Renville Negotiations. The outcome of the Renville negotiation agreement was assumed to be favorable to the Dutch position. On the other hand, RI became the aggrieved party with the narrower its territory. Therefore, Amir Syarifuddin’s cabinet was deemed detrimental to the nation, the cabinet was dropped on January 23, 1948. He was forced to give up his mandate for president and was replaced by Hatta’s cabinet.
Then Amir Syarifuddin formed the People’s Democratic Front (FDR) on June 28, 1948. This political group attempted to position itself as an opposition to the government under Hatta’s cabinet. FDR joined the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) to plan a power struggle.
In line with this event, Muso, a communist figure who had been present in Moscow, Soviet Union, arrived for a long time. He joined with Amir Syarifuddin to oppose the government, and he even succeeded in taking over the leadership of the PKI. After that, he and his friends intensified the terror movement, pitted TNI units against each other and vilified Soekarno-Hatta’s leadership. The peak of the PKI movement was the rebellion against Indonesia on September 18, 1948 in Madiun, East Java. The aim of the rebellion was to overthrow the Republic of Indonesia and replace it with a communist state.
- September 30th Movement
The main argument for the emergence of the G30S incident was as an attempt to counter the so-called “Coup d’etat plan of the General Council”. against President Sukarno”.[April 2010]
The PKI’s activities were felt by the political community, a few months before the G30S Incident, it became more aggressive. Although it did not directly attack Bung Karno, it was a very violent attack, for example against the so-called “bureaucratic capitalists”[April 2010], especially those entrenched in state companies, the implementation of the Basic Agrarian Law which was not timely, resulting in the birth of the “One-sided Movement” and the term “7 village devils” [April 2010], as well as attacks on the implementation of democracy. The leadership, which is assumed to only focus on its “leadership” and ignores its “democracy” [April 2010], is a sign of the increasing sense of PKI’s superiority [April 2010], based on his statement which considers that politics, the PKI felt that it had
What should Indonesian youth do today?|
Today’s youth must continue to learn and remember the history of the struggle of the Indonesian nation, because many attacks and pressures are trying to change and obscure the dark history of this country. Haris youth must remain enthusiastic and keep moving forward. it can be done by working or with accurate historical literacy to remember this event, a song that is often played in the dark history of this country, Fall Flowers