On October 2, 2009 the UN agency for the culture of UNESCO established batik as a humanitarian heritage for oral and non-cultural cultures (Masterpieces of the oral and intangible Heritage of Humanity) As Batik Day. Coloring techniques using ‘night’ to cover part of the fabric in coloring, where by technique these are made certain motives that have a unique and specific meaning. Awareness and transfer of knowledge is needed to preserve this batik culture to the level of local craftsmen who make motives still using hands (batik). So that on October 2 this will be a national batik day, various layers of society and government officials and students are advised to use batik on this date.
many of the various government institutions and companies require employees to wear batik clothes on that day, in addition to commemorating, this is certainly a good habit for everyone to be able to preserve the legacy of the Humanity for oral and non-material cultures.
batik is also widely used by school children today, almost every school requires batik mekai, there are certain days where their uniforms also wear batik motifs. but you already know the history of batik let’s take a look.
The history of batik in Indonesia is closely related to the development of the Majapahit Kingdom and the spread of Islamic teachings in Java. In some notes, the development of batik was mostly carried out during the Mataram Sultanate, then continued during the Surakarta Sunanate and the Yogyakarta Sultanate.
Batik art in Indonesia has been known since the days of the Majapahit Kingdom and continues to grow until the next kingdom and its kings. Batik art in general extends in Indonesia and specifically on the island of Java after the end of the 18th century or early 19th century.
The batik technique itself has been known for more than 1,000 years, possibly from ancient Egypt or Sumeria. Batik technique extends in several countries in West Africa such as Nigeria, Cameroon and Mali, as well as in Asia, such as India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Iran, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia.
Until the beginning of the 20th century, batik produced was batik. Stamp batik was only known after World War I ended or around 1920.
Batik art is the art of drawing on cloth for clothing which became one of the royal family cultures in ancient Indonesia. Initially batik activities were limited to the palace and batik was produced for the clothes of the king and the family of the government and the officials. Because many of the dignitaries lived outside the palace, the batik art brought by them came out of the palace and produced in their respective places.
Over time this batik art was imitated by the common people and further expanded to become the work of the household women to fill their spare time.
Coloring materials used when making batik consist of native Indonesian plants made from among others: noni, tall, soga, indigo trees. The sodas are made from soda ash, while the salt is made from mud soil.