The Day of Pancasila was celebrated on October 1 and was initiated by General Soeharto. The history of the establishment was inseparable from the G30S / PKI rebellion. The day of the Pancasila magic is the anniversary of the turning point of the re-actualization of Pancasila as the basis of the nation’s ideology. (Source: Wikipedia)
The Day of Pancasila was also celebrated to commemorate the generals who were killed by the ferocity of the G30S / PKI rebellion. The generals who died in the incident were called the Heroes of the Revolution. The government built the Pancasila Sakti Monument to commemorate those who died in the incident.
The History of the G30S / PKI Rebellion Behind the Pancasila Day of Power
The movement in the name of G30S / PKI carried out a revolt on 30-September-1965 precisely at night. The G30S / PKI tragedy is actually still a debate in various circles and historical observers about who the mastermind and the real motives are.
the largest religious group at the time and the military authorities claimed and believed that the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) was a puppet mastermind who wanted to change the nation’s ideology. Meanwhile, according to the New Order version, the G30S was carried out by Cakrabirawa troops, namely the presidential guards who carried out kidnappings and killings of six army generals.
On September 30, the rebels seized control of two important communication facilities namely the RRI Center and the Telecommunications Center. Through RRI, at 7:20 a.m. and 8:15 p.m. the rebel movement which called itself the September 30th Movement, announced that the “Revolutionary Council” had been formed at the center and in the regions. After that they also announced the Dwikora Cabinet’s demolition.
At 2:00 p.m., it was announced again that the Revolutionary Council was chaired by Lieutenant Colonel Untung with his representatives. They also mentioned 44 other people who were included in the core members.
The best sons of the nation who died in the G30S / PKI rebellion namely Lieutenant General A. Yani, Maj. Gen. Haryono, Brigjen D.I. Panjaitan, Brig. Gen. Sutoyo, Maj. Gen. R. Suprapto, Maj. Gen. S. parman.
Ahmad Yani, MT Haryono, and DI Panjaitan died on the spot. The other three generals namely Sutoyo Siswomiharjo, Soeprapto and S. Parman were brought by the rebels alive. Three generals who were kidnapped and taken alive, they were tortured cruelly. after they are killed, the body is inserted in a small hole after which the top of the hole they cover with a banana tree. The hole is then known as Crocodile Hole.
TNI General Abdul Haris Nasution (AH Nasution) also became one of the main targets of the rebels. However, AH Nasution was able to survive the death event. The raids of General AH Nasution’s residence by the rebel group also reaped the death of his daughter, Ade Irma Suryani. Initially the PKI thought Pierre Tendean (Adjutant General AH Nasution) as general of AH Nasution, but was wrong. because what they killed was the General’s Adjutant.
Major General Soeharto, who was then a general, was not on the list of figures who had to be executed by PKI rebels. So, Soeharto had the opportunity to take command control. Soeharto then made several strategic policies, and within a few days, Soeharto succeeded in recapturing Jakarta from PKI rebels.
Some generals and victims of the G30S / PKI rebellion included:
Commander of the Army Lieutenant General (Lt. Gen.) posthumous Ahmad Yani.
Major General (Maj. Gen.) TNI Mas Tirtodarmo Haryono.
Major General (Maj. Gen.) TNI Raden Soeprapto.
Major General (Maj. Gen.) TNI Siswondo Parman.
Brigadier General (Brig. Gen.) TNI Sutoyo Siswodiharjo.
Brigadier General (Brig. Gen.) TNI Donald Isaac Panjaitan.
Police Brigadier Chairperson of Karel Satsuit Tubun.
Ade Irma Suryani Nasution (Putri Abdul Haris Nasution).
Captain Lieutenant Pierre Andreas Tendean (Adjutant Abdul Haris Nasution).
Lieutenant Colonel Sugiyono Mangunwiyoto (Victim of G30S / PKI in Yogyakarta).
Colonel Katamso Darmokusumo (Victim of G30SPKI in Yogyakarta).
On October 1, 1965 precisely at 8:15 p.m., the Indonesian Army Information Service through RRI informed that there had been a counter-revolutionary movement which had succeeded in kidnapping 6 senior Army generals (TNI AD). However, the situation could be reinstated by the Army leadership Major General Suharto.
After that Right at 9:00 p.m. on the same day October 1, 1965, the government through Major General Suharto announced that the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) had been successfully crushed. Finally, history records that October 1 was remembered as the Pancasila Day of Wisdom, and in memory of the 7 generals who died due to the G30S / PKI rebellion the government built the Pancasila Sakti Monument in Lubang Buaya, Cipayung, East Jakarta.
The Day of Pancasila was different from the Pancasila Birth Day. The anniversary of Pancasila is the day on which the first Pancasila kali is heard to the public as the basis of the country. The Pancasila Birth Day is celebrated on June 1. On June 1, 1945 Sukarno proposed the basic name of our country under the name Pancasila (Sanskrit meaning: Five Principles). While the Pancasila Day of Wisdom is the day on which the Pancasila ideology is regarded as an irreplaceable state basis and is related to the G30S / PKI rebellion. The second President of the Republic of Indonesia, Soeharto, considered Pancasila as an ideology to be strengthened, given the threat from other ideologies that were not in harmony with the nation’s personality. Apart from the debate on the history of G30S / PKI, the strengthening of Pancasila ideology must be actualized. The existence of a nation is very much determined by its character. A nation with strong character will be able to make itself a dignified nation. In addition to being a symbol of character and dignity, Pancasila is also a place for Indonesia’s diversity. Source: https://www.pewartanusantara.com/hari-kesaktian-pancasila-ideologi-bangsa/