Helloindonesia.id – Have you ever thought about where the sources of food that you consume everyday come from? The food provided by your mother at the dinner table, the food you usually order via online motorcycle taxis, the food that you two girlfriends eat, or the healthy juices you drink every day? Farmer! Yes, Farmer. Thanks to the hard work and persistence of the Farmers you can get delicious food that you consume every day.
Tirelessly, Farmers continue to work hard and strive to provide quality food that you can consume. Starting from the scorching heat of the sun, hoeing the fields to harvesting the produce is the accumulation of a long process of an agricultural product. But, did you know that there is a special day to commemorate the struggle of our peasants? National Farmers Day, which falls every September 24.
National Farmers Day itself arose because of the creation of Law Number 5 of 1960 concerning the basic principles of agrarian affairs or UUPA (Law on Basic Agrarian Affairs). In 1948, the capital city of Indonesia was still domiciled in the Special Region of Yogyakarta. At the same time, the Yogya Agrarian Committee was also formed which worked out the programs and drafts of the LoGA.
Over time, 12 years after the Yogya Agrarian Committee was formed, this program is still experiencing many dynamics and many stalls in the middle. In 1951, the Yogya Agrarian Committee changed to the Jakarta Agrarian Committee and continued to change its name until it became Draft Sadjarwo in 1960. In 1960, the Basic Agrarian Law was accepted by the DPR-GR (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat-Gotong Royong) under the leadership of Haji Zainul Arifin.
The UUPA itself was created to realize the ideas contained in Article 33 Paragraph 3 of the 1945 Constitution which reads “Earth, water and natural resources contained therein are controlled by the State and used for the greatest prosperity of the people.” In addition, the establishment of the UUPA aims to replace the prevailing colonial agrarian law into a national agrarian law that can benefit many people.
Meanwhile, the purposes and objectives of the establishment of the UUPA include:
- National agrarian law is a tool to bring prosperity and justice to the state and farmers.
- Laying the foundations for unity and simplicity in land law.
- Laying the foundations for managing land rights for all Indonesian people
Until in the end, through Presidential Decree No. 169 of 1963, President Soekarno inaugurated that every September 24 is National Farmers Day.