Helloindonesia.id – Tuo Koto Nan Ampek Mosque is one of the historical mosques in the Luhak Limo Puluah region. The mosque, which has been more than a century and a half old, is still standing strong despite the changing times.
Although it has undergone renovations in several parts, the classic Minangkabau architecture that wrapped it still survives despite the weather and the changing seasons. Until now, every day Muslims in Nagari Koto Nan Ampek are still loyal to come and worship under the auspices of this old mosque.
This mosque was built around 1840, namely when Sutan Chedoh (Tuanku Nan Cheduk) still served as Wedana or Regent (head of administration in the Dutch East Indies government system) in the Payakumbuh region. This mosque was built not far from the Regent’s gadang house. The land used was waqf from four groups, namely Datuk Rajo Mantiko Alam, Datuk Dirajo Nan Hitam, Datuk Paduko Majo Lelo, and Datuk Sinaro Kayo.
The construction of the mosque was led by three datuk from three different tribes, namely Datuk Kuning from the Kampai Tribe, Datuk Pangkai Sinaro from the Piliang Tribe, and Datuk Siri Dirajo from the Malay Tribe.
The mosque building was originally covering an area of 289 square meters in an area of 1,550 square meters. After experiencing expansion the area of the mosque building has now become 400 square meters. In general, the mosque building is in the form of a stage with traditional Minangkabau architecture and ornaments.
Almost all buildings are made of wood, while the poles are made from coconut trunks. The poles of this mosque are still the same as the original condition, only the coconut trunks are now covered with layers of plywood.
While the roof of the mosque is a three-tiered pyramid-shaped roof, the top roof has a pointed shape. Between each level there is a gap that is intended as lighting in the afternoon. Previously, the roof was coated with fibers, but over time the fibers were replaced with zinc. Although it has been repeatedly renovated, in terms of architecture, the shape of the building is maintained in accordance with the original.
Interestingly, on the southwest side of the mosque there is the tomb of Tuanku Nan Cheduk. Tuanku Nan Cheduk was one of the few natives who could occupy the Regent’s position, which was the highest position an indigenous person could have in the Dutch East Indies government structure at that time.
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